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Burundi is a country in Central Africa, bordered by Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Below are some facts about this fascinating country.

  • Official Name: Republic of Burundi          
  • Population: 8,074,254
  • Capital City: Bujumbura (331,700)
  • Largest Cities: Bujumbura, Gitega, Muyinga, Ngozi
  • Currency: Burundi Franc
  • Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
  • National Day: 1 July, Independence Day (1962 from Belgium)
  • Religions: Christian, Catholic, traditional beliefs 
  • Government: Republic; democratically elected, post-transition government - 08/26/2005.
  • Geography: Location: East-central Africa south of the Equator
  • Area: 25 227 sq km (9 740 sq mi) 
  • Terrain: Hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains
  • Lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m  Highest point: Heha 2,670 m 
  • Climate: Tropical equatorial, with wet and dry seasons, temperature varies with altitude
  • Literacy: 37%
  • Natural resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, vanadium
  • Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, bananas, beef, milk, sweet potatoes
  • Industries: Light consumer goods such as soap, shoes, assembling imported components

According to UNICEF, Burundi is ranked 167 out of 177 countries in the 2008 Human Development Index (based on 2005 data), and its infant and maternal mortality rates are among the worst in Africa. Though government increased funding for free basic education, challenges remain in terms of quality of education and rising drop-out rates as a result of household hunger. Poor funding of the health sector threatens the free delivery services for pregnant women and free medical care for children under five years of age that were declared by the government in 2006.

Burundi is famous for its drummers and dancers.